In canines (canine parvo virus)
It is highly contagious disease appeared first in 1987. It affects all dogs and pups younger than 4 months are more susceptible. The virus affects cardiovascular system and GI tract of dogs.
Signs and Symptoms
- Bloody diarrhea
- Repeated vomiting
- Fever or hypothermia
- Abdominal pain and bloating
- Damage to intestine and immune system ,may lead to septic shock
If your pup shows any of these signs do consult the veterinarian immediately.
Parvovirus infection is often suspected based on dog’s history , physical examination and lab test. The positive conformation of parvovirus requires presence of virus in the feces or the detection of canine parvovirus antibodies in blood serum.
The first step during treatment is to correct dehydration and electrolyte balance. This requires the administration of intravenous fluids containing electrolyte. Sick dogs should be kept warm and under good nursing provide antibiotics , anti -inflammatory drugs to prevent septicemia . Diarrhoea and vomiting can be controlled by antispasmodic drug.
Proper vaccination and good hygiene are critical components of prevention.
Puppies receive a parvovirus vaccine as a part of their vaccine regime. After the initial series of puppy vaccinations all adult dogs require booster dose. Bitches should be boosted before mating in-order to develop antibodies to pups.
In humans ( Parvovirus B19 )
It infects only humans and most commonly cause fifth disease, a mild rash illness that usually affects children . It spreads through respiratory discharge/ secretions, blood and blood products.
Symptoms of fifth disease
- Fever , headache
- Slapped cheek rashes
- Runny nose
- Adults may have painful or swollen joints
Prevention and Treatment
There is no any vaccination or medicine that prevent parvovirus B19 infection. Chances of infection can be reduced by personal hygiene and avoiding close contact to infected ones.